the plastic question: making the right choice is harder than it looks
On her left, 26-year-
Teachers at the old London school saw \"regular\" bananas grown with pesticides and fertilizers.
Organic bananas on the right.
Wrap in a transparent plastic wrap. Ms.
Drought is infuriated and torn between longing for a natural diet and promising to reduce the use of plastic.
\"What is the best choice?
It\'s very difficult, \"she said.
\"I \'ve focused on a lot of people on Instagram who advocate for plastic reduction, and they keep posting statistics.
I was reading one thing a few days ago saying that there would be more plastic in the ocean than fish in 2050. . .
We need to stop what we are doing.
\"The culmination of news, activism and corporate public relations has made plastic surgery a priority for people around the world.
In an online survey of 42,000 people in 30 countries conducted by Orb Media, one quarter said they were \"very concerned\" about the impact of plastics on our world \".
However, increased awareness has also confused people about their responsibility and choices and the role of government and industry in reducing plastic pollution. Twenty-
The answer to plastic pollution is to increase recycling, with 10 per cent of people in favor of reducing consumption, the respondents said.
However, there are also thousands of people who suggest eliminating all plastics, or using alternative materials such as paper and glass, which research has shown may be more harmful to the environment than the plastics themselves.
Norah MacKendrick, an environmental sociologist at Rutgers University, said that there is a plastic problem in the world \"people will feel a lot of pressure as information increases . \".
\"Consumers feel they are their own.
\"It\'s a traditional view that the world has plastic problems.
Last month, the Collins Dictionary
Use \"its annual vocabulary, pay attention to the use of throwing terms
Plastic prices have risen 400 since 2013.
Plastic is clearly an environmental crisis with an estimated 8 million animals.
Tons of death entering the ocean every year.
\"It\'s just a choking feeling, an overwhelming feeling that you can\'t control,\" said Basil passer, conservation administrator at the coastal mangrove reserve in Durban, South Africa, volunteers ship one to five tons of plastic cutlery and containers a week.
The outstanding micro-plastic pollution in the plastic narrative is an emerging issue about micro-plastic pollution in food, air, soil and water and the safety of chemical additives in plastic food packaging --
Scientists are racing to learn areas of impact on human health.
Suggestions to make consumer brands and plastic producers responsible for the cost of plastic waste are slowly forming.
Therefore, a revolution in product design will make it easier for more plastic items to be recycled.
Of the more than 40% tons of plastic produced annually worldwide, packaging accounts for 0. 38 billion.
Try not to touch the plastic for a day.
From clothing, furniture, healthcare to smartphones, synthetic polymers are embedded in everyday life.
It is an integral part of the global food supply chain.
\"Plastic is a good material for this application because it is a waterproof barrier, it is an oxygen barrier, it is light weight and helps to preserve food,\" said Arturo Castillo, an industrial ecologist at Imperial College London.
\"So we have a lot of food packaging and we need it.
The problem is littering, not plastic?
\"Plastic is not a problem, but littering is a problem,\" said B . \"
Swamingos is a senior in the plastics industry in Asia and Africa.
\"You\'re shooting the messenger. ” Mr.
Swaminatan\'s messenger is being beaten.
Jurisdictions around the world, including the EU, are taking action to limit disposable items such as plates and straws.
Plastic bags are banned in at least 33 countries, but enforcement is uneven.
Kenya has one of the strictest bans.
In the first half of 2018, five manufacturers and 70 distributors were prosecuted.
But the banned disposable bag has been thicker on the surface-
Reusable, polypropylene fiber bag-
In other words, more plastic.
Abel Kamau of the Kenya Manufacturers Association says the garbage is now in the form of street garbage.
Cyril said Kenyan officials are aware of the issue and are setting standards for bags for sustainable development
Lazar Siewe United Nations Environmental Program.
Is bio plastic really OK?
A perfect solution that is elusive;
Take the plastic bag that can be packed.
The name is garden and covering.
But compost plastic can not be degraded in nature;
It must be separated from other waste and heated to 70 degrees Celsius in industrial facilities.
Experts say others believe that bio-plastics made from plants are an answer, but most bio-plastics are similar in molecules to those made from oil and have the same environmental hazards.
Ten per cent of respondents in the Orb survey recommended the use of glass containers.
But research has shown that the energy to make and move glass bottles is five times that of plastic.
Similarly, 73 of Americans surveyed by Gallup3 believe paper bags are more eco-friendly than plastic bags.
A natural assumption
However, the analysis of the life cycle of these two materials shows that the production of plastic bags will greatly reduce air and water pollution.
\"You are in the plastic age,\" said P, an Indian plastic giant . \"
Marimushu producing more than 2 billion forks, trays, yogurt cups and shampoo bottles each year.
\"What is a replacement for plastic?
No one gave an answer to this.
At the same time, the momentum of forcing manufacturers to change product and packaging designs to make reuse and recycling easier is growing.
Most packages today contain too many different materials and are easy to recycle
Ben Johnson of Suez Waste and Recycling UK explained that it was a waste.
Many experts now say that plastic producers or consumer brands should pay for the disposal of packaging rather than pushing costs to the community.
Shampoo, soap, cosmetics, groceries, shaving cream, toothpaste.
They were discarded, right? ” says Mr. Swaminathan.
\"Where did these come from?
These come from big companies, brand owners.
Opposition to new rules by industry organizations will hinder innovation.
According to the proposed \"extended liability for producers\" rule of gaining traction in Europe and elsewhere, \"If you have a horrible material that will never be recycled, Johnson said, you pay a higher disposal fee because of the hustle and bustle of the conveyor belt and sorter at a factory in Avonmouth, UK.
For consumers, products with difficult packaging \"will be more expensive fundamentally, and better products will be cheaper \".
However, there are human factors.
A study by Sarah Whitley of Homer State University shows how the mood in the community affects recovery rates.
At the University of Maryland in University Park, after winning the college basketball game, the average weight recovered on campus was nearly 50% higher than after losing weight or tie.
In addition, Whitley\'s analysis of municipal data found that the total amount of household recycling collected by Kensington borough of London fell by 1 kg per mm of rainfall on rainy days.
With this complexity, says Dominic brousad, who studies science and the media, it\'s natural to aspire to \"a perfect solution to solve plastic islands floating in the ocean \", and the University of Wisconsin policy.
At present, what is overlooked is the problem that cannot be solved by recycling or using canvas shopping bags.
One is micro plastic.
Since Orb Media first reported micro-plastic contamination in bottled water in last March, new research has found these contaminants in mineral water in Germany, tap water in South Africa and soft drinks in Italy.
No one knows if eating microplastics is harmful.
This is an emerging area of research that the World Health Organization is trying to assess.
Plastic is also an important environmental pollutant.
A study of 2017 showed that,
The KG machine load of polyester laundry can release up to 6 million microplastic fibers into wastewater.
\"We need to find design solutions at the beginning of their lives to reduce falling off,\" says Emma pristland of Friends of Earth . \".
Even in the future of product design improvements and new regulations to reduce plastic waste, safety issues with chemicals in food packaging still need to be addressed.
Researchers have found dozens of hazardous chemicals approved for use in plastics.
For example, according to a recent study, the European Union has announced that six chemicals used for plastic toys are toxic, but are still allowed for food packaging.
So what about the London shopper, Brighton drought or any of us?
MacKendrick, author of \"better safety than sorry: how consumers deal with daily toxic substances\", said that real change can only be achieved through government action.
\"Make the best choice you think you can do, but don\'t feel guilty about it,\" Mr.
\"Guide this frustration [and]anxiety. . .
In organizations and agencies that decide what will eventually happen to our grocery store.
Source: \"The current situation of plastic bag ban since the ban in August 2017\", National Environmental Authority of Kenya, 2018.
2 Boonniteewanich, J. , et al.
, Carbon footprint assessment of bio-plastic straw compared to petroleum-based straw products.
Energy procedures, 2014. 56: p. 518-524.
3. social series of Gallup public opinion survey: environment;
Lin line: 937008 cm;
Jeff Jones, Lydia Saad, March 1
20174 Lewis, H. , K.
Verghese and L.
Fitzpatrick, assessing the sustainability impact of packaging: the dilemma of plastic tote bags.
Packaging Technology and Science: International Journal, 2010. 23(3): p. 145-160.
5 plastic Europe, June 10, 2018. 1016/j. watres. 2018. 05. 0277 Groh, K. J. , et al.
, Overview of known Plastic Packaging-
Related chemicals and their hazards.
Environmental Science 2018.