new companies, history and technology blur the definitions of am and 3-d printing
Due to technological advances, the products of new companies in these business areas, and even a little bit of industrial history, printing May-perhaps should-be changing.
According to Merriam
Webster, AM is simply defined as 3-
D. printing for the period of 2007.
However, I like this definition of SPI Laser, one of the world\'s leading fiber Laser design and manufacturing companies: \"… Instead of producing the final result by taking the material away, it adds it instead.
\"Since they are recognized industry experts, it is fair to revisit the term and expand its meaning.
I propose this change: Although all 3-
D. printing is AM by definition, with AM not or not-3-D printing.
In fact, if we do \"additional manufacturing\" at face value by using the SPI definition above, then it is much longer than the term itself.
Welding coverage is a good example-it is defined as \"U [ing]
The welding process of melting the material to the surface of another different material \"(
From Corrosionpedia. com).
This is a common cladding process in which corrosion is more serious
Increased corrosion-resistant metal
Resist to get the best of both worlds.
So when Berry Keeler and his great team at CustO-Fab, Inc.
In The Sand Springs of the state of okhara, as part of a transformation I worked on many years ago, I think they were engaged in AM.
This is a very limited example where they don\'t build the entire part with additional technology.
Recently, a huge leap in technology has made the whole-scale 3-
D. printing is also suitable for other AM umbrellas but may not be suitable for 3-D printing one.
I have written about electric shock before (EI)
Mukilteo in Washington (
See the article here).
They provide automated assembly solutions for the aircraft industry and do all sorts of amazing things.
The coolest one they call \"automatic fiber placement (AFP)
They use big-
Custom industrial robot
Actuator head designed (
Tools at the end of the robot arm)
Lay carbon fiber and create complete aircraft components layer by layer.
This is almost certainly not in line with the definition of 3-
But I can\'t see how it\'s not in the range of AM.
Fabrisonic in Columbus, Ohio is a similar example.
Their technology, ultrasonic additive manufacturing (UAM)
It is a hybrid addition and subtraction technology.
Their raw materials are fine strip metal bonded together by ultrasonic welding, in which the applied force and ultrasonic vibration are combined to create molecular bonds between bars, added layer by layer, to achieve the desired total size, then grind after to get the final part shape.
Since their molding temperatures will never exceed 200 degrees Fahrenheit, they are able to maintain basic material properties and are able to embed sensors and electronic devices.
They can also combine different metals.
So they are able to form parts that are impossible for any other technology to form.
They have added AM terms to their technology and most people will certainly not consider 3-D printing.
Fabrisonic is a small private company,off of a non-profit.
They are themselves at the moment.
Mark Norfolk, president of the company, said although \"this may have to change \".
They sell the machines and parts they produce as service bureaus.
The last example blurs the line-it fits the general definition of 3-
Printing, but not part of the official pantheon of these technologies.
Australian SPEE3D developed the \"supersonic 3-
D Deposition \", one of the custom
The designed nozzle emits metal powder at supersonic speed, making parts layer by layer, similar to some 3-
Printing technology is 100 to 1,000 times faster.
Like the EI above, they used a standard large industrial robot in their process;
SPEE3D uses it to keep the part and constantly adjust its position relative to the nozzle to achieve the proper build shape.
The influence of powder particles on the construction surface is very hard, forming molecular bonds, resulting in \"the end part, the density of 99%, relative to the metal part of 95%,\" according to the common
Founder and CEO of Byron Kennedy
They were able to work with 6061 of aluminum and copper and they also started working with bronze and mixed metal.
What\'s unique is that they can compete with the public.
The production technology of simple industrial parts, such as hose nozzles, because of their manufacturing speed and economy.
In some cases, their finished parts are used directly from the build process, even though they go through the later stages
Process heat treatment and processing for other applications.
According to Kennedy, SPEE3D has been selling parts and machines in the United Kingdom and the United States for about 18 months. S.
Australia and Singapore.
The company, founded in Australia, is currently opening an office in the United States. S.
There are certainly more examples of companies and technologies that challenge our current 3-
Print and AM.
The rapid development of use cases and applications suitable for them will further challenge these concepts faster.