3d printing coming to the manufacturing space—and outer space

by:INDUSTRIAL-MAN     2019-10-19
Under a huge window overlooking San Francisco Bay, a printer as big as an Autodesk copier roared past.
Under the glass cover, a robotic arm with a nozzle moves back and forth.
This is not a typical print output.
The machine stores an ultra-thin layer of melted plastic, not ink, which forms an actual lamp with a fluid curve.
This is a holiday gift for the CTO.
Using materials like metal, rubber and plastic, 3D printers can create almost anything that can be modeled with software, from custom shoes and hearing aids to complex aircraft parts and even cars. These high-
Generate a $1 technical printer.
Last year, the industry generated 4 billion of global revenue, typically used to make prototypes for new products, but more companies are using them to produce finished products.
Brian Mathews said: \"3D printing is a way to re-imagine the manufacturing process
President of Autodesk, the largest manufacturer of 3D design software.
Unlike traditional manufacturing, in traditional manufacturing,
3D printing is produced overseas, allowing companies to print custom items at the required time and place, reduce material costs, and ship goods such as shoes to the United States from ChinaS.
Store shelves if they don\'t sell, then go to the store.
The technology, also known as additive manufacturing, makes it possible to manufacture products in remote areas such as outer space.
NASA is working on 3D printing as a possible means to make replacement parts and tools on the International Space Station.
\"You do not have UPS or DHL;
\"You have to wait for the next Russian spacecraft to bring what you need,\" said Gonzalo Martinez, director of strategic research at Autodesk . \".
Martinez helped a 3D team last summer.
Print the wrench at zero gravity in NASA\'s parabolic flight that simulates weightless space conditions.
\"In 2014, NASA was committed to bringing 3D printers to the space station,\" he said . \".
The largest manufacturers of 3D printers include 3D Systems, Stratasys, and Z.
The technology has been around for more than 20 years and has become cheaper in the past five years.
The price of a commercial 3D printer is between $15,000 and $300,000.
The personal 3D printer that needs to be assembled costs only $500, compared to the lowest price five years ago.
According to Terry Wohlers, a manufacturing consultant, the price is about $15,000.
The overall market is expected to grow from $1.
4 billion according to a report by market research firm IBISWorld in 2011, with the increase in demand in the aerospace and medical industries, nearly $3 billion between 2016 and November 2011.
3D printing has its limitations.
While creating custom objects is pretty good, this is usually too slow for mass production.
The size of the printer also limits the size of the object.
In terms of the market, printer sales are closely related to R & D budgets in industries such as consumer goods and manufacturing.
During the recession of 2009, the income of 3D printers fell by 9.
According to IBISWorld, 8%.
According to IBISWorld, the aerospace and automotive industry currently accounts for 20% of the revenue from the 3D printer industry.
In the past, these industries used printers to make models of vehicles or aircraft.
Today, companies like Boeing are using 3D printers to produce actual parts.
\"Boeing now has military aircraft components made with 3D printers, no fault,\" said Wohlers Associates, president of Wohlers Associates, a company focused on rapid product development and
Boeing spokesman Daryl Stephenson said Boeing has been conducting extensive research and development in additive manufacturing methods since 1997.
\"Boeing has produced more than 20,000 parts using additional manufacturing processes that are located on the military platform we deliver to our customers,\" he said . \".
Some of these parts are designed to be lighter.
According to IBISWorld, by reducing aircraft weight by 1 kg, airlines can save $1,300 a year on fuel costs.
The cost of sending equipment into outer space is even higher.
\"It will cost $10,000 to bring a pound of equipment into space,\" said Martinez of Autodesk . \".
The costs include the complexity of fuel and rocket launch, he said.
In last November, NASA said it granted a grant to a startup called Space Manufacturing, which wants to create an additional manufacturing facility for the International Space Station.
The facility will allow astronauts to maintain, manufacture tools and repair the space station in an emergency.
If Apollo 13 is equipped with a 3D printer, it may make a big difference to fix the system that removes carbon dioxide from the spacecraft.
Like Ron Howard\'s Oscar.
In the winning film, engineers from ground control used materials they knew
They shared a solution with the astronauts.
Today, the same problem can be solved by sending a 3D design to the spacecraft.
\"Not Houston, but we have a problem, maybe Houston, we have a problem, so send a design now so we can print something out here to fix it, martinez said.
Before using 3D printers on the space station, they need to be tested.
On last July, space manufacturing invited Autodesk Martinez to help test the printer during NASA\'s flight to simulate space conditions.
Martinez was wearing a gray flight suit, floating under zero gravity, while the printer installed from the 3D system to the aircraft floor printed a wrench.
Martinez and Autodesk provide 3D design software and technology for spacebased design.
Founded by students at Singularity University, the NASA Ames Research Campus is based in Mountain View, California.
According to a research proposal, suborbital testing is planned this year.
The startup declined to comment.
One day, 3D printers can also be used to build buildings in outer space.
\"You can print an almost infinite structure because you don\'t have gravity,\" Martinez said . \".
\"Life is perfect in space.
\"On August, NASA provided a team led by Behrokh Khoshnevis with $100,000 to test the concept of a 3D printed structure on the moon, including landing pads, roads, shadow walls
The idea of using a robot printer to build a building is the idea of Khoshnevis, a professor at the University of Southern California, who initially wanted to use the technology to quickly build a house after a natural disaster, such as the earthquake in his hometown of Iran.
This process is called contour making, using a quick
Just like the material that forms the House layer by layer.
Pipes and wires will be inserted when the layers are built.
In lunar Engineering, a mixture of lunar dust and other materials will be used to build walls and other structures.
However, not everyone believes that the development of the 3D printing industry will be made in outer space.
\"It does work, but is it a bit far away? fetched?
Maybe so, \"said Wohlers, a 3D printing consultant.
Instead, he is more enthusiastic about today\'s application.
He bought his wife 3D for Christmas.
A complex-shaped pendant made of steel coated with gold.
\"Usually, you pay extra when the parts are complicated,\" he said . \".
\"But this is surprisingly affordable.
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